18 Healthy Breakfasts With Five Ingredients Or Less

A stress-free way to start the day.

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Quinoa Superfood Breakfast Bowl

Quinoa Superfood Breakfast Bowl

Oatmeal is great, but don’t overlook quinoa as a healthy breakfast option. Recipe here.

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Eggs Baked in Avocado

Eggs Baked in Avocado

This super easy treat is full of protein and healthy fats. Plus, it feels super decadent. Recipe here.

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Pomegranate-Pistachio Greek Yogurt Parfait

Pomegranate-Pistachio Greek Yogurt Parfait

Pomegranate seeds are truly one of nature’s greatest gifts. Recipe here.

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Why Do I Get Depressed Before My Period?

Because at a certain point, it’s more than PMS.

Welcome to BuzzFeed’s Mental Health Q&A, where we consult with experts to answer your biggest mental health questions. Have a question about mental or emotional health, happiness, relationships, stress, or anything else? Hit us up at MentalHealthQs@buzzfeed.com.

This week’s question: Why do I get more depressed before my period?

This week's question: Why do I get more depressed before my period?

Hi,

I was diagnosed with major depression a couple of years ago, and while I’m still working it out, I have it pretty much under control right now. Without fail, however, crushing sadness/apathy/emotional numbness or a combination of those greet me about three days before my period starts.

At what point does this cease to be normal PMS and become something that maybe can or should be treated? Who should I talk to about this?

Thanks!

-Anonymous

Hey Anonymous! So, full disclosure, right off the bat: You’ll have to see a doctor to know for sure what’s going on with you specifically.

In the meantime, we talked to Dr. Catherine Birndorf, clinical associate professor of psychiatry and obstetrics and gynecology at Weill Cornell Medical Center and Dr. Mary Jane Minkin, clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Yale School of Medicine, about the relationship between your period and depression. Here’s what they had to say:

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Being sad, moody, or irritable is a pretty typical symptom of PMS – but when it affects your ability to function, it’s probably something more.

Being sad, moody, or irritable is a pretty typical symptom of PMS - but when it affects your ability to function, it's probably something more.

“Functional impairment” – meaning when something gets in the way of your day-to-day life – is where experts draw the line between typical negative emotions and an actual disorder. We’ll get to what those disorders might be in a second, but there are a few questions you can ask to know if something more serious is going on than regular PMS.

“Have you missed work or school?” says Birndorf. “Do you stay home a day or two a month because you’re so miserable with these symptoms? Is it, ‘I’m sad and moody and don’t want to leave the house’ or is it, ‘I’m so miserable or angry or depressed that I can’t?'”

And if that sounds like you, that’s when it’s time to talk to a doctor. When you do, these are the things they’ll probably go over with you:

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It could be Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), a disorder that causes severe depression symptoms before your period.

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In the simplest terms, PMDD is really bad PMS. According to the DMS-5, to be diagnosed, you have to have five of the following symptoms (and at least one of the first four):

  • Sudden mood swings
  • Irritability, anger, or increased conflict with others
  • Depressed mood or feelings of hopelessness
  • Anxiety or tension
  • Decreased interest in usual activities
  • Difficulty staying focused in attention or thinking
  • Fatigue
  • Change in appetite, or food cravings
  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping more than usual
  • Feeling overwhelmed or out of control
  • Physical symptoms, such as breast tenderness, joint or muscle pain, weight gain, or bloating

What’s also important here is that your symptoms are cyclical, says Minkin – AKA most of the month you’re completely fine, then anywhere from a few days to two weeks before your period (everyone’s different), the symptoms set in. And then once you start your period, they lessen and go away. Rinse and repeat.

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27 Health Tips Every College Student Needs To Hear

Spoiler alert: it’s probably mono.

College is an amazing time.

College is an amazing time.

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But the hectic college lifestyle and abundance of germs on campus means that students get sick… a lot.

But the hectic college lifestyle and abundance of germs on campus means that students get sick... a lot.

It’s easy to get sick in college for several reasons:

* Infectious diseases tend to spread where large groups are clustered together – like in dorms, libraries, lecture halls, gyms, and frat houses. Everything from a head cold and strep throat to serious bugs like norovirus and meningitis flourish among college students.

* And communal living means that most students will spend all four years sharing bathrooms, bedrooms, or living spaces with friends or strangers.

* Also, college can be a stressful shitshow. Taking care of yourself can often go overlooked, so students tend to have a lowered resistance when it comes to infections.

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BuzzFeed Health spoke to Dr. Pritish Tosh, infectious disease specialist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and germ expert Kelly Reynolds, PhD, director of environmental health sciences at the University of Arizona, about how college students can stay healthy when the odds (and germs) are against them.

Don’t share cups at parties.

Don't share cups at parties.

It’s basically like taking a sip of all the germs, bacteria, and viruses in the other person’s mouth. Sharing cups or bottles is a quick and easy way to expose yourself to a number of things, from cold sores to mononucleosis (mono).

Mono is usually called the kissing disease because it’s transmitted through saliva, but you can also get it from sharing drinks, so it spreads like wildfire on college campuses. It can cause fever, fatigue, spleen issues, and a sore throat lasting up to six weeks, which is a very long time to be out of commission in college.

So just don’t share cups. Even during beer pong. It will not destroy your skill or credibility to take a drink out of your own damn cup or can, and not the one that grimy pong ball landed in.

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Facebook Made This Sketchy Website’s Fake Story A Top Trending Topic

EndingTheFed.com is filled with dubious articles taken from other right-wing websites.

For much of Sunday and into Monday, Fox News host Megyn Kelly was one of the top Trending Topics on Facebook. Her name appeared in the sidebar seen by Facebook users in the United States:

For much of Sunday and into Monday, Fox News host Megyn Kelly was one of the top Trending Topics on Facebook. Her name appeared in the sidebar seen by Facebook users in the United States:

Facebook

If you hovered your mouse over her name, up popped a story claiming that Kelly had been “kicked out” of Fox News “for backing Hillary.” The story was from a site called EndingTheFed.com – and it’s false.

EndingTheFed.com was anonymously registered by its current owner in March of this year. The site has grown quickly thanks to a strategy of publishing aggressively pro-Trump, right wing stories. Even more notable is that the majority of its recent stories are simply taken word-for-word from other right-wing sites.

That means Facebook, the largest social network on the planet, actively promoted a fake story from a website that basically exists to republish other, often dubious, posts from fringe sites on the conservative web.

It’s unclear whether Ending The Fed has permission to republish content from other sites, or if it’s committing mass plagiarism. BuzzFeed News contacted the site but has not heard back. Facebook declined to comment on the record about how the story made it to the Trending Topics list.

Facebook

Even before Facebook gave it a boost, Ending The Fed was getting big hits on the social network. The site’s top five stories have together racked up over 1.2 million likes, shares, and comments since May:

Even before Facebook gave it a boost, Ending The Fed was getting big hits on the social network. The site's top five stories have together racked up over 1.2 million likes, shares, and comments since May:

The top story is a word-for-word reprint of this story, while the (partially false, partially true) claim about Obama cutting military pay is taken from here.

It’s unclear whether Ending The Fed’s success on Facebook in recent months caused it to be selected as the top story for the Megyn Kelly Trending Topic. On Friday, Facebook announced it was no longer using humans to write the summaries that accompany Trending Topics, though human engineers would be reviewing the topics selected by the algorithm.

Facebook previously announced measures to try and reduce the spread of fake news on its platform, but a BuzzFeed News report found that false stories continue to receive strong engagement.

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Ending The Fed often republishes false stories. The same day it ran the Kelly story it also incorrectly reported that NFL quarterback Colin Kaepernick had converted to Islam:

Ending The Fed often republishes false stories. The same day it ran the Kelly story it also incorrectly reported that NFL quarterback Colin Kaepernick had converted to Islam:

Ending The Fed’s story was a word-for-word repost of this from Clash Daily, which claimed Kaepernick had converted. That post was based on a claim from a sports gossip website, which cited anonymous “people close to the player” who said Kepernick is going to become Muslim.

Kaepernick recently attracted criticism after he refused to stand for the national anthem before a football game; he has said nothing about converting to Islam.

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